In the first 7 months of 2021, the export turnover of agricultural, forestry and fishery products is estimated at USD 28.6 billion, up 26.7% compared to the first 7 months of 2020, the whole industry has a trade surplus of USD 3.9 billion. However, the Covid-19 services project still has many magazines that greatly affect the consumption and export of agricultural, forestry and fishery products in the last months of 2021.
In the first 7 months of the year, agro-forestry-fishery produced a surplus of 3.9 billion USD
According to the data of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), in the first 7 months of 2021, the export turnover of agriculture and fishery products is estimated at 28.6 billion USD, up 26.7% compared to the first 7 months. year 2020 . In which, the export of main products is estimated at over 12.2 billion USD, up 15.1%; forest products reached about 10.2 billion USD, up 54.0%; seafood reached over 4.9 billion USD, up 12.0%; farming was estimated at 254 million USD, up 16.0%.
In the first 7 months of 2021, export of forest products reached about 10.2 billion USD, up 54.0%
Notably, many products/product groups have increased export value. In which, rubber, vegetable and fruit products, seed control, management and magnetic products increased both in volume and export value. Specifically, rubber exports increased 33.6% in volume and 73.6% in value; export 21.4% of the block of volume and gain 14% on value; exports and exports of products increased by 10.3% in volume and 24.1% in value. Particularly, although the export volume of pepper decreased (reaching 182 thousand tons, down 1.3%), but thanks to the increase in average export, the export value still increased (reaching 599 million USD, up 49.8%).
Other items increased in price mainly due to volume such as: Feeding products (up 16.0%), pangasius (up 18.2%), shrimp (up 12.0%); wood products (up 63.9%), rattan, bamboo, sedge mats (up 68.1%); cinnamon (up 36.6%).
Average export value in 7 months of many export products increased: Pepper reached 3,292.9 USD/ton (up 51.8%), rubber reached 1,677.4 USD/ton (up 30.0%), Rice reached 541.5 USD/ton (up 11.2%), coffee reached 1,840 USD/ton (up 8.3%), reached 255.3 USD/ton (up 14.1%), tea reached 1,655, 3 USD/ton (up 4.4%).
The largest export market is the US with over US$8.2 billion (accounting for 28.9% of the market share), of which the export turnover of wood and wood products accounted for 72.2% of the export turnover. export of Vietnam's agricultural, forestry and fishery products to this market; China ranks second with nearly $5.5 billion (accounting for 19.2% of the market share) with the export turnover of vegetables and fruits accounting for 26.9% The proportion of Vietnam's agricultural, forestry and fishery exports to this market. sang; followed by the Japanese market with an export value of over 1.9 billion USD (accounting for 6.8%); The fourth is the Korean market with the result reaching a value of over 1.2 billion USD (accounting for 4.3%).
In the opposite direction, in the first 7 months of the year, import turnover of agricultural and aquatic products was estimated at USD 24.7 billion, up 42.8% over the same period in 2020. Cambodia is a market for exporting agricultural products to Vietnam. The largest male reached $2.7 billion, accounting for 10.8% of the market share (of which the adjusted value accounted for 75.4% of the value); The United States ranked second and reached over 2.4 billion USD, accounting for 9.7% (cotton products accounted for 35.1%).
Still worried about output for agricultural products
In a report sent to the Ministry of Planning and Investment to summarize and submit to the Government on difficulties, problems and key tasks and solutions of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in the last months of 2021, it is clear that the Covid-19 epidemic is expected to remain complicated. complexity greatly affects the organization and implementation of agricultural, forestry and fishery production plans, especially in localities where social distancing is required; The circulation, distribution and consumption of agricultural products and raw materials for production face many difficulties.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, by August 2021, many kinds of agricultural products and fruits are in the harvest season, it is easy to have the risk of oversupply of agricultural products and food in production areas but shortages in some localities. epidemic prevention measures must be applied.
As for vegetables and fruits, in August 2021, it is estimated that output in the South is more than 1.1 million tons, while consumer demand is only 500 thousand tons. Some fruits have a large output such as: Mango 40 thousand tons; 109,000 tons of bananas, 75,000 tons of durians, 40,000 tons of oranges, 40.5 thousand tons of longan, 30,000 tons of pineapples, 10,000 tons of jackfruits...
Meanwhile, the cold storage logistics system for preserving agricultural products is still limited. The whole country currently has 48 cold storages for preserving agricultural and aquatic products with a capacity of about 700,000 pallets and thousands of cold storages with a total storage capacity of 2 million tons of products for certain markets (mainly in Vietnam). mainly export). However, with the current number of cold storages, it cannot meet the needs of preserving agricultural and aquatic products for fresh preservation and processing for export, especially in the Mekong Delta.
Notably, the traditional export market of agricultural products is China, which is increasingly tightening regulations on import and export of goods. Accordingly, strengthening the inspection of goods, disinfecting goods and means of transporting exported goods from epidemic areas of Vietnam; continue to implement the management and traceability of goods, so the time for customs clearance of import and export goods is prolonged, and at the same time, strengthen the management of the driver fleet at the border gate; Strictly implementing the prevention of epidemics and Covid-19 disease through a team of dedicated drivers to increase the time of goods release, sometimes local congestion occurs. The main export markets have increased applying technical barriers to trade, investigating the origin of some key export agricultural products of Vietnam, etc.
In order to overcome the above difficulties and problems, in the coming time, along with the adjustment of agricultural, forestry and fishery production plans in accordance with the weather conditions and developments of the Covid-19 epidemic in each province and city, in order to ensure both effective prevention of epidemics and natural disasters while ensuring a good supply of food and food for domestic consumption and export. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development said that it will coordinate with ministries, branches, localities and industry associations to focus on solving technical difficulties, facilitating customs clearance, logistics infrastructure, and preventing stagnation of goods in the provinces. border with China and key export markets. Strengthen the implementation of mobile sales and online sales programs; setting up buffer zones to gather goods, together with localities to identify and build "green channels", "green zones" for agricultural products so as not to disrupt the supply chain, especially for agricultural products with high yield. large scale, harvest season, short storage time, ensuring enough food and food for local people must apply Directive 16.
Source: Nguyen Hanh - Industry and Trade Newspaper